How does a Patient Prepare for the Urea Breath Test?
For Optimal Preparation
- FAST for at least one (1) hour before the test. This means that you consume no food and drink only water prior to the test.
Patients Should Avoid
- Phenylketonuric patients should not take the test. Active ingredient is mixed with Aspartame and contains phenylalanine.
- Proton pump inhibitors (Prilosec, Prevacid, Nexium, Protonix, Aciphex, Dexilant) within two (2) weeks prior to the urea breath test.
- Antibiotics two (2) weeks prior to the urea breath test.
- Bismuth preparations (Pepto Bismol) within two (2) weeks prior to the urea breath test.
- Being tested before four (4) weeks after H. pylori treatment. An earlier post-treatment assessment may give false negative results.
Allowable Medications Prior to Testing
- Prior to testing, the patient may take H2 antagonists (Tagamet, Zantac, Pepcid, Axid) or Antacids (Tums, Rolaids, Maalox)
Most Common Breath Collection Errors
- Not properly and firmly re-capping the breath collection bag after use.
- Administration of Pranactin-Citric solution before collecting the baseline breath sample.
- Consumption by the patient of food, beverage or smoking during the 15-minute test interval.
Potential Complications of the Urea Breath Test
- There are no known risks or complications with a urea breath test